Video episodes of “Closer To China with R.L.Kuhn” – broadcast on CGTN

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China’s global challenges in the new era

In moves and countermoves, the US and China imposed tariffs and threatened bigger ones The US says it is countering China’s “economic aggression” China says it does not want to fight a trade war, but it is absolutely not afraid of a trade war There is a larger context: a growing “pushback” against China’s rising international engagement What’s really doing on? And what can China do about it?

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Targeted poverty alleviation at the grassroots

China has lifted over 700 million people out of poverty But for reasons of poor geography or ill health, about 100 million people remained intractably poor Something radically new was needed We traveled to remote and underdeveloped areas of China to see how the country’s “Targeted Poverty Alleviation” program works at the grassroots, household by household, door by door Here’s how China is winning the battle against poverty

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2018 Two Sessions – National Supervision Commission and Institutional Reform

In a momentous restructuring of the Chinese government, 15 bureaucracies were shut down or folded into other bodies The institutional reform was far stronger than what had been expected A new organ at the highest level, the National Supervision Commission, is now responsible for anti-corruption and overseeing proper behavior throughout China’s huge public sector There are many questions and the NSC will need to be ever vigilant

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2018 Two Sessions: The Challenges China Faces

The two sessions are where President Xi Jinping’s “New Era” vision and strategies, specified at the 19th CPC National Congress, become actualized into real-world policies and programs, the election of new leaders, and institutional reforms of the Chinese government Most deal with daunting challenges that China faces – slowing economic growth, financial risk and excess debt, pollution, poverty, corruption, Party governance and increasing foreign resistance to China’s rise

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LGBT in China: Coming out with Chinese Characteristics

What do Chinese people know about their LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) community and how they have they been treated? Homosexuality in China has a complex history, with artistic and literary works But disdain and discrimination have been common How are attitudes changing? What controversies remain?

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What Happens to China’s Elderly?

China is getting old before getting rich Chinese culture has long revered the elderly, but the modern market economy makes caring for the elderly difficult A typical young working couple must support four elderly parents What are the economic and social consequences when 20 percent, and then 30 percent, of the population, are retired? How to care for hundreds of millions of senior citizens? Is China prepared for aging?

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Targeted Poverty Alleviation III: Challenges, Problems, Global Impact

President Xi Jinping has made targeted poverty alleviation a cornerstone of his agenda What are the possible challenges? Corruption and falsification of data? Standardization of criteria? Long term, how can China assure that those people brought out of poverty stay out of poverty? Can poverty alleviation be sustainable? Finally, globally, can China’s experience in fighting poverty work in other developing countries?

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Targeted Poverty Alleviation II: Why ‘Targeted’? What’s ‘Precision’?

Why has President Xi Jinping made poverty alleviation a signature priority of his leadership? China’s national goal is to realize a “moderately prosperous society” by 2020, and Xi asserts that China cannot be a “moderately prosperous society” if any of its citizens continue to live in extreme poverty So can China eliminate extreme poverty in three years? What are the challenges, the obstacles?

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Targeted Poverty Alleviation I: Why ‘Targeted’? What’s ‘Precision’?

President Xi Jinping stresses that for China to become a “moderately prosperous society” by 2020, the elimination of all extreme poverty is essential Why did he propose the concept of “targeted poverty alleviation”? What does “targeted” mean? What are the “five methods” and “six precisions” in poverty alleviation? How, specifically, do targeted policies and precision measures work in practice, in tens of thousands of impoverished villages?

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The CPC’s New Role in Global Governance

What is it about the CPC that makes Xi Jinping committed to enhancing its power in governing China and in engaging global governance, and how could its role develop over the next 5 or 10 years? What gives the CPC standing to organize political parties worldwide? Will other parties accept the leadership of a communist party that eschews multi-party elections? What is the CPC’s vision?

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CPC in Dialogue with world political parties

Why did the Communist Party of China (CPC) invite nearly 300 political parties and organizations from over 120 countries to Beijing? What was the CPC’s underlying motivation? Is China now exporting its communist ideology? What was the impact? What happened at the Dialogue is less interesting than why the Dialogue happened, and what it portends for China’s increasing engagement with the world

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President Trump’s ‘State Visit Plus’ to China

Presidents Xi Jinping and Donald Trump both lauded the “State Visit Plus” as a major success But was it? How did they handle the mega-issues of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and trade and market imbalances? We analyze what happened: relative to expectations; relative to what is really needed; in context of the long-term relationship; and with respect to the two countries’ Asia-Indo-Pacific strategies

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19th CPC National Congress: The New Principal Contradiction

The Communist Party’s theory on how to rejuvenate the Chinese nation and realize the Chinese Dream from now to 2050 centers on a new principal “contradiction” in Chinese society: “between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life” It’s a turning point from high-speed to high-quality economic development, and according to the CPC, from now on it will “drive policy”

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The 19th CPC National Congress: Xi Jinping’s New Era

The Communist Party of China (CPC) added “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” to its Constitution at the 19th CPC National Congress Members of the newly elected Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 19th CPC Central Committee also met the press The 19th CPC National Congress has played a significant role in Party building and strengthening the rule of law

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19th CPC National Congress; Xi Jinping’s Political Report

The report of the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping at the opening session of the 19th CPC National Congress is an in-depth analysis of what China has remarkably achieved, what it will achieve and what it envisages to be a great nation Xi sees China as standing at a new historic starting point and that socialism with Chinese characteristics is entering a new development stage The influence of the Congress and the impact of Xi’s new vision, thinking and strategies will be for decades to come

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Xi Governance & Thought IV: Xi’s Renewal of the Party

Why has President Xi Jinping elevated “Strict Discipline of the Party” to the highest level? Why the unprecedented anti-corruption campaign? Answers relate to more basic questions: How has the Party kept up with the times? What is it about that the Party’s past must now be rejuvenated? But can a system with a longtime ruling party itself establish credible checks-and-balances? What challenges does the Party face?

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Xi Governance & Thought III: Xi’s Role for the Party

What is it about the Communist Party of China (CPC) that makes Xi Jinping so committed to enhancing its governing power? What are the Party’s positions and policies, organization and governance, visions and challenges? Under Xi’s leadership, how might the Party’s role in governing China develop in the future?

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Xi Governance & Thought II: Xi’s Political Thought

Since taking office in 2012, President Xi Jinping put forth several political frameworks, including the Four Comprehensives, guiding China’s overall governance, and the Five Major Development Concepts, directing China’s economic growth in the new era What do these frameworks mean, and how do they work together? What are the new concepts, thoughts and strategies that underlie, motivate and drive Xi’s political thought?

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Xi Governance & Thought I: Xi as ‘Core’

What does it mean for Xi Jinping to be “core” of the Communist Party of China? He’s already held the top Party, State and military positions, so how does “core” augment his perceived stature or actual power? Why was Xi’s designation as “core” deemed necessary? How did he qualify? As for decision making, how does a “core” affect the Party’s collective leadership? Party insiders explain four factors regarding Xi as “core”

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Migrant workers: A vast problem China must solve

China has over 280 million migrant workers, almost one-third of its urban population But those who enabled China’s economic miracle are enjoying little of its fruits How does the country pay for allowing migrant workers to become city residents, with all social services? What happens to their rural lands? What about their changing demographics?

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Poverty alleviation: A campaign like no others

China cannot become a “moderately prosperous society” by 2020 if any of its citizens live in extreme poverty Although China has already lifted over 750 million people out of poverty, unprecedented in world history, about 40 million people still remain in poverty, and these are the most difficult What are the challenges, obstacles, strategies and policies? How to make China’s poverty alleviation campaign sustainable?

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BRICS: Why another international body?

The five BRICS countries, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, account for almost half the world’s population and nearly a quarter of global economic output They demand a greater say in the world order But why another international bloc? Is BRICS an organization or just an association? What does BRICS do other than to hold meetings? Why does China value BRICS so highly?

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BRICS: Why important to China

As the host of BRICS Summit in 2017, China works with other four emerging national economies – Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa to assess the decade-long BRICS project and to plan future development China’s economy is more than double the other four economies combined, so why is BRICS important to China? Does China dominate decision-making? What is BRICS’ continuing or changing roles?

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BRICS: Thought leaders

China is hosting this year’s annual BRICS Summit in Xiamen in southern Fujian Province The five BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – make up half of the world’s population and nearly a quarter of global GDP But does the world really need another international organization? What does the BRICS bloc actually do? And what institutions or processes have they established? Your questions are answered here!

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China-Russia relations: Intent and impact

Why is now the “best time” in China-Russia relations? What’s the meaning of the China-Russia “comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination” and that the two nations are “most trustworthy strategic partners”? What are the economic, diplomatic, military implications? Is there a China-Russia Alliance in formation? Are there consequences for China-US relations? Don’t forget that Russia and China have different strategic interests

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